Cervical cancer originates in
a woman’s cervix,

the part that acts as a doorway between the vagina and the uterus. Fast-growing, destructive Human Papillomavirus (HPV) attacks the cervix, and if left long enough (chronic & persistent), spread to damage other organs in the body. It can cause a lot of pain for the woman, as well as profuse bleeding and foul-smelling discharge.

Click on the buttons below to jump to a topic.

Cervical cancer originates in the woman's cervix.

the part that acts as a doorway between the vagina and the uterus. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) attacks the cervix, and if left long enough, spread to damage other organs in the body.

Click on the buttons below to jump to a topic.

PRJ3-Assets-06

Worldwide, about half a million are diagnosed annually, while half will die in the same year.

There are over 528,000 cases and 266,000 deaths occurring yearly according to a 2012 report from the World Health Organization (WHO). If nothing is done about it, it is expected to double by 2025.

About 80% of these cases are from developing countries.

PRJ3-Assets-07

Cervical cancer ranks the second most frequent cancer among women in Asia.

PRJ3-Assets-05

In the Philippines, there’s more than 6,600 new cases per year, and almost half will die on the same year.

As of 2012, cervical cancer has a yearly incidence of 6,670 new cases, and 2,832 deaths.

PRJ3-Assets-03

Worldwide statistics indicate that one death occurs every two minutes due to cervical cancer.

PRJ3-Assets-04

There is a 90% survival rate at stage I, but only 20% at stage IV.

PRJ3-Assets-06

Worldwide, about half a million are diagnosed annually, while half will die in the same year.

There are over 528,000 cases and 266,000 deaths occurring yearly according to a 2012 report from the World Health Organization (WHO). If nothing is done about it, it is expected to double by 2025.

About 80% of these cases are from developing countries.

PRJ3-Assets-07

Cervical cancer ranks the second most frequent cancer among women in Asia.

PRJ3-Assets-05

In the Philippines, there’s more than 6,600 new cases per year, and almost half will die on the same year.

As of 2012, cervical cancer has a yearly incidence of 6,670 new cases, and 2,832 deaths.

PRJ3-Assets-03

Worldwide statistics indicate that one death occurs every two minutes due to cervical cancer.

PRJ3-Assets-04

There is a 90% survival rate at stage I, but only 20% at stage IV.

In the photo: In the photo: A 3D illustration of the human papillomavirus. Source: www.std-gov.org

It is caused by HPV.

Or human papillomavirus, after having sex with an infected partner. Sexual penetration is not necessary, as skin-to-skin contact is enough to get the virus.

There are over 150 types of HPV

commonly infecting males and females even at an early age, and these can cause sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including cancer. Out of those 150, HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, and 68 are the high-risk types most likely to cause cervical cancer.

70% of cervical cancer cases are caused by

HPV types 16 and 18.

50-80% of sexually active women will get HPV at least once in their lifetime.

Upon infection with HPV, the body’s immune system may naturally get rid of it over time. In other cases, especially in people with a weak immune system, the infection stays and may become cancer.

It is caused by HPV.

Or human papillomavirus, after having sex with an infected partner. Sexual penetration is not necessary, as skin-to-skin contact is enough to get the virus.

There are over 150 types of HPV

commonly infecting males and females even at an early age, and these can cause sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including cancer. Out of those 150, HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, and 68 are the high-risk types most likely to cause cervical cancer.

70% of cervical cancer cases are caused by

HPV types 16 and 18.

50-80% of sexually active women will get HPV at least once in their lifetime.

Upon infection with HPV, the body’s immune system may naturally get rid of it over time. In other cases, especially in people with a weak immune system, the infection stays and may become cancer.

In the photo: In the photo: A 3D illustration of the human papillomavirus. Source: www.std-gov.org

Symptoms

symptoms-25

Symptoms

symptoms-icons-39

Cervical Cancer Stages

This stage is also known as carcinoma in situ (CIS) or pre-invasive cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III (CIN III), when there are lesions that are confined to the surface of the cervix.

The invasive carcinoma (cancer cells) or lesions are small and confined to the cervix. In stage IA, the lesions are less than 5mm deep, and less than 7mm wide. These can only be seen under a microscope. Stage IB has visible lesions as ulcers or masses.

The cancer has begun spreading beyond the cervix and now includes part of the vagina. By stage IIB, it has spread to the parametrium, or the tissue that separates part of the cervix from the pelvic wall.

The cancer has reached the pelvic sidewalls, and may include the lower third of the vagina. At stage IIIB, the kidneys are enlarged (hydronephrotic).

The cancer has spread past the organs in the pelvic area and onto those in other parts of the body. While not impossible, it is very difficult to treat patients at this stage as the cancer has already spread so far.

stages

Cervical Cancer Stages

STAGES-01
This stage is also known as carcinoma in situ (CIS) or pre-invasive cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III (CIN III), when there are lesions that are confined to the surface of the cervix.
The invasive carcinoma (cancer cells) or lesions are small and confined to the cervix. In stage IA, the lesions are less than 5mm deep, and less than 7mm wide. These can only be seen under a microscope. Stage IB has visible lesions as ulcers or masses.
The cancer has begun spreading beyond the cervix and now includes part of the vagina. By stage IIB, it has spread to the parametrium, or the tissue that separates part of the cervix from the pelvic wall.
The cancer has reached the pelvic sidewalls, and may include the lower third of the vagina. At stage IIIB, the kidneys are enlarged (hydronephrotic).
The cancer has spread past the organs in the pelvic area and onto those in other parts of the body. While not impossible, it is very difficult to treat patients at this stage as the cancer has already spread so far.
PRJ3-Assets-10

Prevention is better than cure.

Cervical cancer is one of the 2 cancers which cause is known, and therefore is preventable - through vaccination, or early detection and treatment of precancerous lesions. Learn how to protect yourself from this serious disease today.

PRJ3-Assets-10

Prevention is better than cure.

Cervical cancer is one of the 2 cancers which cause is known, and therefore is preventable - through vaccination, or early detection and treatment of precancerous lesions. Learn how to protect yourself from this serious disease today.

In the photo: Vulsellum or vulsella: forceps with hooks
used in different gynecologic procedures.

Treatment

Treatment